



Balancing of Turning Moments (Torques)

 The mass of the beam and of the spring balance are neglected.
 The beam is capable to be turned to any, but not a (nearly) vertical position.
 Rightdrag to translate the whole system.
 If unfortunately the beam "collapses", reset the page and start again.








Definition of Torque :

Torque (moment) is defined as τ = F d_{⊥} = F d sinθ, where d_{⊥} is called the moment arm of the force F.
That will produce a clockwise (anticlockwise) rotation about a pivot
is called a clockwise (anticlockwise) torque about that pivot.

In the above diagram,
↻↻↻ clockwise torque about O = F_{2} d_{⊥2} ↻↻↻
↺↺↺ anticlockwise torque about O = F_{1} d_{⊥1} ↺↺↺

Conditions for Static Equilibrium

Suppose all the forces are on the same plane.
 The vector sum of the forces is zero.
 The sum of the clockwise torques about any pivot
must be equal to the sum of the anticlockwise torques about that pivot.




